Urgent, collective actions required limiting global warming: United Nations body

A firefighter fights a blaze near Yosemite National Park in August

A firefighter fights a blaze near Yosemite National Park in August

Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete for Climate Action and Energy and Commissioner Carlos Moedas for Research, Science and Innovation welcome the report, issued two months before the worldwide climate talks in Katowice, Poland.

Emissions of other greenhouse gases, such as methane, also will have to drop.

Petteri Taalas, Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), said that there was "extreme urgency" needed on the part of Paris Agreement signatories, and "so far the progress hasn't been good enough" to keep temperature rises below even 2°C.

"We need to extend this kind of progress on renewables to other areas".

"Limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius is possible within the laws of chemistry and physics but doing so would require unprecedented changes", said Jim Skea, who co-chairs the IPCC group that studies the mitigation of climate change. The world has already warmed by about 1 degree since pre-industrial times, and the impacts-such as extreme weather and rising sea levels-have turned out to be worse than predicted. CO2 emissions would need to fall by about 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching "net zero" around 2050.

To rise to the challenge, society would have to enact "unprecedented" changes to how it consumes energy, travels and builds to meet a lower global warming target or it risks increases in heat waves, flood-causing storms and the chances of drought in some regions as well as the loss of species.

The new report will feed into a process called the 'Talanoa Dialogue, ' in which parties to the Paris accord will take stock of what has been accomplished over the past three years.

"It's telling us we need to reverse emissions trends and turn the world economy on a dime", Myles Allen, a climate scientist at Oxford University and one of the report's authors, told the outlet.

Taking the valuable input from the Report into account, the Commission will work to present in November an European Union strategy for long-term greenhouse gas emission reduction. The livestock sector is estimated to account for 14.5% of greenhouse gas emissions globally, more than direct emissions from the transport sector.

"Projections suggest the burden of malaria could increase with climate change because of a greater geographic range of the anopheles vector, longer season, and increase in the number of people at risk, with larger burdens with greater amounts of warming, with regionally variable patterns", it said. For them, failure to act poses a threat to the future of their business, while taking climate action has become an opportunity to inspire creative and innovative ways to operate more sustainably. On the other hand, climate change negotiations are hard without some target to work towards.

The IPCC report is expected to demonstrate that the cost of action to limit global warming is far less than the massive cost of inaction the world will have to bear in future once runaway climate change sets in.

The climate change report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations spells a doom for India. More than 90 scientists wrote the report, which is based on more than 6,000 peer reviews.

The report is seen as the main scientific guide for government policymakers on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement during the Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December.

Research projects funded under the EU's Framework Programmes for research, as well as under research programmes by individual Member States, have contributed significantly to the report, while 30% of the lead authors are European.

The coalition government will not renew or replace the Renewable Energy Target when it lapses in 2020. In March 2018, the Commission presented its Sustainable Finance Action Plan consisting of ten ambitious legislative and non-legislative measures to mobilise finance for sustainable investments and sustainable growth. The report calls for higher taxes on carbon dioxide emissions to shift behaviour, nominating a price of US$27,000 per ton by 2100 but there has been significant political opposition to such taxes, particularly from the U.S., the world's second-largest greenhouse gas emitter after China.

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